Go-hua traditional Chinese painting is considered to be close in spirit and used tools to calligraphy.
In China, mascara tiles, which are ground with water to the desired consistency, as well as water-based paints with mineral and vegetable pigments, are used as a color carrier.
Silk, cotton fabric, sometimes paper is used as the basis of the picture. To paint use brushes made of bamboo and wool of domestic or wild animals.
The color scheme of traditional Chinese painting is laconic and consists of three, four discreet colors, rich tonal transitions of the same color, usually the color of black mascara. The white color of the sheet or fabric creates a conditional airspace and is the current color, and not the emptiness of an unfilled field.
Artists create a harmonious and poetic world of nature, plants, animals and birds, using the basic stylistic techniques that have developed over many centuries. The main styles of traditional painting are gunbi (thorough brush) and sei (rough brush). Gunbi technique is characterized by thoroughness and accuracy in writing details, a clear drawing of the elements of the picture. In the sei technique, the artist is more concerned with conveying Continue reading
Nobody can guarantee 100 percent authenticity of certain objects of art today.
Auction house Sotheby’s gives a guarantee on the authenticity of a work of art for two years.
Often, the quality of the fakes exceeds the level of expertise.
A joke is popular among art historians: “… Do you guarantee that this picture is genuine? – Of course. The guarantee is two years …”
Sunflowers Vincent Van Gogh.
The picture of the famous Dutchman “Sunflowers”, sold for almost $ 40 million at Christie’s auction, turned out to be a fake according to the results of an examination of Italian art historians. In their conclusions, the experts relied on the correspondence of Van Gogh with Gauguin and other friends. The fact is that in the period from 1888 to Continue reading
Fake paintings, as an imitation of the painting style and plot of the work of a famous master for enrichment, has always existed. According to experts, the amount of funds annually obtained from the sale of fakes in Russia is from 8 to 50% of the total volume of transactions with paintings, estimated at $ 200 – 700 million.
Falsification of paintings by masters is a business for many: manufacturers, dealers, buyers, police, insurance agencies.
The problem of fakes, especially their manufacture, really sharply arose in the second half of the 20th century, when new physicochemical methods for determining authenticity appeared. In 1965, it turned out that the portrait of Earl Wellington at the London National Gallery, attributed to Goya, was just a fake. In 1976 – that in the Cornell Museum are stored fakes Koro. Over the course of his career, Corot painted about 600 paintings, but only three thousand walk on the American market. At the Metropolitan Museum of 66 utensils of 8 thousand years ago, brought from excavations in Turkey, only 18 are, indeed, ancient. And this is in the most prestigious museums in the world. What to speak about private collections!
In 1996, the exposed fake manufacturer Eric Hebborn published the book The Art Forgers Handbook, a guide Continue reading