Savior of the world. Leonardo da Vinci. Sold at Christie’s for $ 450,000,000 The first fine arts market was captured by commissioner pioneer former Marine Officer James Christie Sr. Having arranged the first sale in 1766 in London, he soon already owned a room with a specially built auction room for him. Christie owed her heyday to the 1848 revolution, which marked the “era of great sales.” It is believed that it was Christie who turned the trade in antiques into art – the largest auctions of the 18th and 19th centuries were held here. And by the way, none other than James Christie himself acted as an intermediary in a deal to sell the collection of paintings by Sir Robert Walpole to the Russian Empress Catherine II. The purchased collection of works of art became the basis of the future Hermitage Museum.
Sotheby’s founder was book seller Samuel Baker, who held his first auction in London in 1744 and published the first book with a fixed price. In 1754, Baker opened a permanent auction house. For a century, Baker and his successors Continue reading
The word pastel comes from the Italian word pasta – dough or pasta. The pastel is colored crayons from a finely ground mixture of a coloring pigment, chalk or a special type of clay and a gum arabic binder.
Pastel occupies an intermediate position between painting and drawing. From a technological point of view, pastel is a graphic, and by its expressive capabilities, pastel can be attributed to painting.
Pastel crayons, consisting of dry colorful pigment bonded with acacia resin (gum arabic), was invented at the end of the 15th century by French artist Jean Perreal for quick sketches of the military company of Louis XI.
The artist introduced the new technique to Leonardo da Vinci, who named the new technique colorire a Continue reading