How did the artist Mikhail Germashev draw the last ray of the setting sun?
The sun sets, and the wind died down, There is no trace of those lights pierced by clouds; Here, on the outskirts, a living and unburning wavered, All that steppe…

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Artists of miracles
Despite the fact that we are all so different, and we live in different places, and speak different languages, and play different games, all over the world, at all times…

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Surikova's “Boyar Morozova: why is this a masterpiece?”
"Boyar Morozov" - a plot from Russian history. And this is an important point. The tendency to bow before the whole western towards the end of the XIX century began…

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HOW TO DIFFER FROM A WRITTEN PICTURE BY OIL FROM PRINTING ON CANVAS?

There are three options for paintings printed on canvas: just printing with subsequent coating of varnish, printing with processing gel texture and printing with oil finishing. There is also a budget printing on canvas with water-soluble ink, if water is sprayed on it, then the paint will flow, even such a poster cannot be varnished, since the ink spreads.
A poster without gel or oil processing is quite easy to distinguish from author’s painting and it is usually inexpensive. It is more difficult with the other two options, since they are made to simulate painting and deceiving your eyesight, and sometimes to empty your wallet.

HOW TO DISTINCT THE WRITTEN PICTURE FROM A COMPUTER Fake ON A CANVAS?
If you subtly feel the color, then it will be very difficult to deceive you, since even the most expensive equipment cannot convey all the richness of the shades and nuances of color transitions.
Wrong advice often comes across the Internet. For example, the original paintings of artists in galleries and salons have a modest assortment – no more than a hundred works, while in stores with posters thousands of paintings are for sale.
The relatively low cost also does not mean that in front of you is a picture or a poster.
Unfortunately, many artists have difficult times … For example, Cezanne – put his canvases in a wheelbarrow and looked in every open door to get at least 50 francs and pay the grocer. Alexei Savrasov painted the walls of taverns for food and drink. Many great artists died in poverty: Sandro Botticelli, Jan Vermeer, Rembrandt, Amedeo Modigliani, Paul Gauguin, Alfred Sisley and others.
The high cost also does not mean anything, since swindlers can sell an oil-painted print for credibility.
The absence of the author’s signature doesn’t mean anything either, since the swindler will be able to quickly and easily make a signature on the poster.
If you visited the artist’s workshop at least once and watched his paintings, you probably noticed that sometimes there are paintings without a signature.
Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt, France Hals, like the Medieval artists, extremely rarely signed their paintings. Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, Isaac Levitan and others have many unsigned paintings. Michelangelo signed for only one of his sculptures – “Pieta”.
Some gallery owners offer a look at the edges of the picture – if they are even, then you have a poster.
But this is not a completely correct way of determining, because if an artist writes without a stretcher, then for aesthetics or in order not to make a mistake with the size and then not have to order a more expensive non-standard stretcher, he can seal the edges with paper tape and as a result a beautiful smooth edge .
To get a smooth edge, you need to glue the edges of the picture with paper tape Before writing the picture, the artist can glue the edges with paper tape and the result is a beautiful smooth edge. Most often, this method is used for graphics and less often for painting.
Usually when painting a picture, the artist takes the ends of the picture with his hands, leaving paint and fingerprints there, so in most cases the sides of this picture will be dirty, and when printed they will remain perfectly clean. But no one bothers scammers to tint the seal with oil and leave similar marks on the sidewall.
The ends of paintings
This is how the ends of picturesque paintings look, though it can be easily faked.
They additionally show:
Options 1, 3 and 4 are written on an inexpensive factory canvas, most likely Chinese.
Options 4 and 7 – if the subframe is not modular, then the sagging picture will be difficult to pull.
Option 6 is perhaps the worst canvas of these seven options.
Option 2 – the artist had a very strong attack of greed (he regretted two centimeters of the canvas), when the picture sagged, and with such a stretch it surely sagged, then it would not be pulled and you would have to reduce the image by 1cm. The only plus is that only artists do this and this is definitely not a print.
Options 5 and 7 are a good Repinsky canvas, perhaps one of the best in our country. This canvas is visually easily recognizable and is definitely not printed on such a canvas.

The absence of a stretcher does not mean that there is a poster in front of you, since artists often store paintings in canvases – so paintings take up much less space and a good stretcher is quite expensive. In addition, no one bothers scammers to pull counterfeit on a stretcher or to depict traces of removal from a stretcher.
The lack of traces of the stretcher also does not mean that you have a print on canvas. Sometimes artists write on factory canvases without pulling on a stretcher, pinning or shooting canvas on plywood or other flat base. For example, if you need to paint a picture and then send it to the canvas, then it makes no sense to buy a stretcher, pull a picture on it, and then remove the canvas from the stretcher.
Sometimes artists paint without stretching on a stretcher. Sometimes artists paint without stretching a canvas on a stretcher.

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