EUROPEAN PAINTING SCHOOLS
The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium.
Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve, Herry met de Bles, Peter Cook van Alst, Peter Artsen, Peter Brueghel Sr., Cornelis Floris de Vrindt, Gillis van Koningsloe, Cornelis van Dahl, Jan Bruegel Sr., Jan Bruegel Sr. Jr., Bartolomeus Spranger, Tobias Verhacht, Abel Scott, Anthony More, Adrian Kay, Frans Floris, Jan van Hemessen, Jan Masseys, Quentin Masseys Jr., Adam van Noort, Joos de Momper, France Purbus Sr., France Purbo Vanout Jr. Veen, Martin de Vos, Sebastian Wranks.
Sower. Jean Francois Millet
Barbizon School – a group of French landscape painters. The school received the name of the village of Barbizon in the Fontainebleau forest, where T. Russo, D. de la Peña, J. Dupree, F. Millet, Charles-Francois Daubigny, Constant Troyon, Nicola-Louis Caba, Isidore Danyan, Auguste lived for a long time Anastazi, Adolf Appian, Eugene Siseri, Francois Francois and other representatives of the group.
The artists of the Barbizon school relied on the traditions laid down by the Dutch (Jacob van Reisdal, Jan van Goyen) and French (Nicola Poussin and Claude Lorren) landscape painters. The influence of the Barbizonians was also provided by their contemporaries who did not belong to the group – Corot, Courbet, Delacroix.
Mourning the dead Christ. Annibale Carracci
The Bologna School of Painting – several generations of artists who worked in Bologna – the capital of the region Emilia-Romagna in the XVI-XVIII centuries. and competing with other art centers in Italy – Florence and Rome.
The most significant representatives of the school were the Carracci brothers. Lodovico Carracci established the Academy of Arts and opened the way to academism in art.
Representatives of the Bolognese school: Girolamo da Carpi, Dennis Calvert, Lavinia Fontana, Annibale Carracci, Ludovico Carracci, Agostino Carracci, Guido Reni, Domenichino, Francesco Albani, Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, Carlo Cignani, Elisabetta Sirani, Giuseppe Maria Crespi, Ubaldo Gandolfi, Lorenzo Garbieri .
Count of Sharra Martiningo Cesaresko. Moretto da Brescia
Brescia School of Painting, Brescia School of Painting
The Venice School of Painting is one of the main Italian painting schools. The most developed in the XV-XVI centuries.
The Venetian school of painting is characterized by a predominance of pictorial principles, vivid coloristic solutions, and an in-depth knowledge of the plastically expressive possibilities of oil painting.
Representatives: Paolo Veneziano, Lorenzo Veneziano, Stefano di Sant Agnese, Donato Veneziano, Katarino Veneziano, Niccolo Semitekolo, Jacobello Alberenio, Nicolo di Pietro, Jacobello del Fiore, Michele Giambono, Zanino di Pietro, Yaciniolio Giovanni Belini Belini Bellini, Giovanni Bellini, Giacometto Veneziano, Antonello da Messina, Carlo Crivelli, Vittorio Crivelli, Alvise Vivarini, Lazzaro Bastiani, Carpaccio, Cima da Conegliano, Francesco di Simone da Santacroce, Titian, Giorgione, Palma Veccio Lotto ebastiano del Piombo, Jacopo Bassano, Tintoretto, Paolo Veronese.
Portrait of Christophe of Baden. Hans Baldung
Upper Germanic School of Painting
The Delft School is a conditional name for a group of Dutch artists of the 2nd half of the 17th century who worked in Delft, whose specialization was domestic and interior scenes.
The Delft type of genre painting is a synthesis of the South Dutch tradition of the “high genre” and the more empirical interiors of the North Dutch schools.
The masters who arrived in Delft, together with local artists, participated in the creation of the so-called Delft school of painting, they showed interest in light-air effects, designing a space with the help of a promising construction and filling this space with a natural light-air environment. They were interested in the behavior of light in space, the play of light with objects and figures.
The foundations of the genre painting of the Delft school were laid by Karel Fabricius. The largest master of the Delft school of painting was Jan Vermer.
Representatives of the Delft school: Emmanuel de Witte, Peter de Hoch, Hendrik van der Burch, Peter Janssens Elinga, Emanuel de Witte, Esayas Bursa, Jacobus Vrel, Jan Verkolie, Cornelis de Man.
Danube School of Painting – a direction in the painting and drawing of Southern Germany and Austria in the first half of the 16th century.
The founder of the Danube School is Lucas Cranach the Elder, the head is Albrecht Altdorfer, the bright representative of the school is Wolf Huber. The school is represented by a number of works by Hans Zebald Lautensack, Augustine Hirschfogel.
The Danube school, which decisively broke with the medieval craft tradition, is characterized by freedom of imagination, vivid emotionality, peculiar romance, sometimes fabulous images, interest in nature (especially in the depiction of river and forest landscapes).