The Antwerp School is an art school that has existed for several centuries in the city of Antwerp, now Belgium.
Representatives of the Antwerp school: Joachim Patinir, Joos van Kleve, Herry met de Bles, Peter Cook van Alst, Peter Artsen, Peter Brueghel Sr., Cornelis Floris de Vrindt, Gillis van Koningsloe, Cornelis van Dahl, Jan Bruegel Sr., Jan Bruegel Sr. Jr., Bartolomeus Spranger, Tobias Verhacht, Abel Scott, Anthony More, Adrian Kay, Frans Floris, Jan van Hemessen, Jan Masseys, Quentin Masseys Jr., Adam van Noort, Joos de Momper, France Purbus Sr., France Purbo Vanout Jr. Veen, Martin de Vos, Sebastian Wranks. Continue reading
The history of the English landscape is a large and complex topic. And a special place in it is occupied by a talented artist – William Turner, whose deeply emotional art is much ahead of his time. Northumberland Coast William Turner
William Turner was born at the end of April 1775 in London. Already in childhood, the boy showed great drawing abilities. “The artist’s father proudly hung out his drawings in his barber shop and sold them for 2-3 shillings. These were first copies from then fashionable topographic views of picturesque places, castles, ruins, architectural monuments of London. The father regarded his son’s drawing lessons not as an empty entertainment, but as a pretty sure source of extra money. ” At the end of the 18th century, topographical Continue reading
Despite the availability and prevalence, the watercolor technique remains mysterious and incomprehensible to many, both amateurs and professional artists. Despite the apparent lightness, this material, which is natively associated with water, because of its disobedience and spontaneity, creates many problems for those who neglect the need for patient study.
Starting the story about the watercolor technique, you need to recall what, in fact, means “watercolor” in the dictionary sense, since the key to understanding lies in the word itself.
In the article by O.V. Mammoth in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia we read: “Watercolor (French aquarelle, from Italian acquerello, from Latin aqua – water), paints (usually on vegetable glue), diluted with water, as well as painting with these paints.” Continue reading
Fresco (derived from Italian. Fresco, literally – fresh) is one of the wall painting techniques. The painting is painted on wet plaster with paints diluted in water. When dried, a film forms on the surface that protects the mural, making it extremely durable. The fresco was already known during the Aegean culture (2 thousand years BC), but its heyday falls on the Renaissance. Artists of this era used multi-layer polished soils with the addition of marble dust. The outstanding masters of Renaissance fresco painting were Michelangelo and Raphael. In Christian culture, the fresco has become a favorite way of decorating the internal, and sometimes the external walls of the temple. Continue reading
A significant contribution to the technology was made by Iran (Persia), India and China. If we talk about Iran, then it is necessary to note the massive bracelets of silver and gold worn by men and women. They are a simple ring that closes with the symmetrical heads of animals. On some products you can see the remains of inlay with blue cloisonne enamel. It is necessary to dwell on China in more detail, since it was the Chinese masters who achieved certain successes in this technique. In the Shoshoin treasury there is a silver mirror in the form of a blooming lotus made using the cloisonne enamel technique.
Much later, several other enamels will appear. Chinese painted enamels are one of the few types of applied art, which until recently had received almost no attention. They entered the literature under the name Continue reading